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Monument Square
Concord, Massachusetts

On 19 April 1867, Concord honored its Civil War dead by dedicating a memorial in the large open space at the town's center. The obelisk's design deliberately mirrored that of the 1836 monument at the site of the North Bridge. The ceremony included a prayer by First Parish's Rev. Grindall Reynolds, an ode by George Bradford Bartlett to the tune of “Auld Lang Syne,” the report from the Monument Committee in which Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar noted in the first paragraph that the whole project cost $4304.12, and poems and brief remarks by others in conclusion. Its centerpiece was the expected address by the town's resident sage, Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Emerson focused on the 32nd Regiment's Colonel Prescott as an exemplar of the citizen's highest calling, in direct line of family and service from those other citizens of that other April 19th. He effectively quoted from Prescott's and other soldiers' writings from the front to evoke among his audience their physical struggle. In closing, Emerson forthrightly acknowledged the "...gloom gather[ed] on this assembly..." due to the losses; grief was not yet assuaged. "Yet it is tinged with light from heaven. A duty so severe has been discharged, and with such immense results of good, lifting private sacrifice to the sublime, that, though the cannon volleys have the sound of funeral echoes, they can yet hear through them the benedictions of their country and mankind.”

The monument has raised stone inscriptions on the north and south sides of the square center block. One reads "1861 to 1865." The other reads "Faithful Unto Death." The tablet facing the Town House reads "The Town of Concord builds this monument in honor of The Brave Men whose names it bears: And records with grateful pride that they found here A Birthplace, Home or Grave. 1866."

The tablet with the names faces west. Its inscription reads: They died for their country in the War of the Rebellion.

PART ONE: The List of Names

Those names added in 1882 are marked with an * while those added in 1912 are marked with an +.

U. S. Army and U. S. Vols. -- Major General: Amiel W. Whipple +
U. S. Vols. -- Captain: Daniel Foster +
U. S. Vols. -- Chaplain: James Means +
U. S. Vols. -- Chaplain: William C. Whitcomb *
2nd Mass. Vols. -- Private: Thomas Carey
9th Mass. Vols. -- Captain: James E. McCafferty Jr. +
9th Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: Martin Lynch
12th Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: Paul C. Kittredge *
16th Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: Herman Flint
20th Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: Charles Brigham *
20th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Edward C. Garrity
20th Mass. Vols. -- Private: John McDonough
24th Mass. Vols. -- Private:
Charles A. Lawrence *
24th Mass. Vols. -- Private: James M. Billings *
24th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Charles H. Brown *
26th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Thomas McGuire *
29th Mass. Vols. -- Lieutenant: Ezra Ripley
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Colonel: George L. Prescott
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Sergeant: Charles Appleton
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: William J. Damon
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Private: Francis Buttrick
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Private: Barney Clark
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Private: George Erskine
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Private: Jonas Melvin
32nd Mass. Vols. -- Private: James Thompson +
38th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Bertrand Burgess *
38th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Edwin Proctor *
40th Mass. Vols. -- Private: George Carr
40th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Charles B. Hannaford
40th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Alonzo Francis Munroe
47th Mass. Vols. -- Sergeant: Franklin M. Gregory
47th Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: Erastus H. Kingsbury
47th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Oliver M. Richards
53rd Mass. Vols. -- Private: Charles W. Stuart
56th Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: Michael Murray
59th Mass. Vols. -- Corporal: Henry Carley Smith
59th Mass. Vols. -- Private: Richard R. Clark
59th Mass. Vols. -- Private: George Poland
1st Mass. Artillery -- Private: Paul A. Dudley
1st Mass. Artillery -- Private: Asa H. Melvin
1st Mass. Artillery -- Private: John H. Melvin
1st Mass. Artillery -- Private: Samuel Melvin
1st Mass. Artillery -- Private: Charles Nealey
1st Mass. Cavalry -- Private: Thomas Doyle
4th Mass. Cavalry -- Private: Frederick J. Tarbell *
7th Maine Vols. -- Sergeant: James S. Fernald *
1st Michigan Vols. -- Private: Alden Buttrick
11th Ohio Vols. -- Corporal: Charles Hosmer Wright

Those Considered in 1911-12 But Not Added:
George W. Cozzens
Alfred H. Smith
Goodwin A. Stone
George Whittemore
Edward Jarvis Hosmer
Stephen Dearborn
George Horatio Derby
William Loomis Mather

PART TWO: Biographies and Genealogies

These biographies are from MSSMCW listings and from the Concord Town Reports of 1882 and 1911.

REGISTER-style genealogies are in preparation. If completed, they can be ordered at an inclusive cost of $10 each. The whole series is targeted for publication in 2010.

Major General, U. S. Volunteers; Major, U. S. Army. Whipple graduated from the U. S. Military Academy at West Point on 1 July 1841 as a 2nd Lieutenant, U.S. Artillery. He transferred to the Topographical Engineers Corp on 28 September 1841. He made first lieutenant on 24 April 1851, captain on 1 July 1855 and major on 9 September 1861, having received a brevet lt.-colonelship on 21 July 1861. He was made a brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers on 14 April 1862, and then a full U.S. Army colonel on 13 December 1862. Wounded severely at the Battle of Chancellorsville on 4 May 1863, he was made a brigadier general, U.S. Army on 4 May, major general of U.S. Volunteers on 6 May, and finally major general, U.S. Army, on 7 May, the day on which he died. [MSSMCW 6:777.]

"Born in Greenwich, Mass., in or about 1817. Son of David and Abigail (Brown-Pepper) Whipple. They lived on the 'homestead farm in the southelry part of Concord' on the Fitchburg Turnpike, now owned by Frank Wheeler. David--jointly with one Lyman T. Gunn--bought the farm--with other lands--of Liab lee, May 3, 1831, and there kept the Whipple Tavern. How long before purchasing he had kept the Tavern or lived in Concord we do not know, but in their deed fom Lee they appear as 'both of Concord, Yoemen'. Amiel attended the Concord schools and the "Academy", taught for s short time the district school at Nine Acre Corner. He entered Amherst College in September, 1836, and about two months later, November 22, his father sold his half-interest in the farm to Cyrus Wheeler. Amiel was appointed Cadet at the U. S. M. Academy at West Point, July 1, 1837, at the age of 20 years and 8 months, as there recorded... 'His appointment was accredited to Hon. Samuel Hoar, Representative in Congress'... He was mortally wounded at Chancellorsville May 3 (or 4) and died at his home in Washington May 7, 1863, aged 46 years. He married, September 12, 1843, Eleanor Mary Sherburne, at Portsmouth, N. H. There his children were born and he was buried." [Concord Town Report 1912, 9-10

Captain, 37th Regiment U.S. Colored Volunteers. Name added to plaque following recommendation of the 1911-1912 Committee to Consider Additional Names.

Born in Hanover, N.H., December 10, 1816; was son of Richard and Irene (Burroughs) Foster. Educated at Dartmouth College. Came to Concord in 1850 or early in 1851, as pastor of the Trinitarian church, in which service he continued until November, 1851. He boarded for a time with Mrs. Darius Hubbard, and afterwards, with his wife (Deborah Taylor Swift) and their first child, lived at the house of Henry D. Thoreau. Out of his association with the Thoreaus grew a life-long friendship. Mr. Foster's life in Concord was at the time of the excitement and agitation which gre out of the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law; when Shadrack, a colored waiter, while under arrest on Boston, was rescued by some of his own people, brought to Concord, and there aided on his way to Canada by Francis E. Bigelow; when tow ro three months later the fugitive slave Thomas Simms was arrested, marched down State Street under police guard, and placed on board a vessel bound for Savannah; when Sumner was first elected to the U. S. Senate, where he took his seat in December of that year. Under such influences, aided doubtless by the fervent eloquence of Garrison and Phillips, Foster became an ardent Abolitionist and a preacher of militant tendencies on the subject of slavery, all of which doubtless had something to do with the early termination of his services as pastor. Thereafter he preached occasionally in the Town Hall and in some of the other churches. The precise date of his departure from Concord we are unable to learn, but his only living daughter informs us that it "must have been between 1851 and 1853." Later he went to Kansas to do what he could toward upholding its integrity as a "Free State." Thus, years before the war broke out, he gave his services to the causes and movements which culminated in the Civl War.

In that war, he enlisted August 13, 1862, was accredited to Boston, and became Chaplain of the 33rd Mass. Vols. He resigned November 16, 1863, to accept a Captaincy in the 37th Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops, and was killed September 30, 1864, at Chapin's Farm, Va. He was buried at West Newbury, Mass., and his name is on the tablet in the Trinitarian Church in Concord, erected in 1911 to the memory of "Members of the Congregation who died in the Service of their Country 1861-1865." [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 6-7.]

Chaplain. Born in New Hampshire, he was a Roxbury Congregational clergyman at the time of his appointment as a Hospital Chaplain, U. S. Volunteers, on 12 June 1862. He died 6 April 1863. [MSSMCW 6:768.]

Born in Amherst, N. H., April 27, 1813. He was graduated at Bowdoin College in 1833; at Andover Seminary 1838 and 1839; was ordained January 8,m 1840, at concord, Mass., where he was pastor of the Trinitarian Church from that date to June 17, 1844. early in his pastorate he married Elizabeth P. Anderson, of Andover, and two daughters were born to them in concord. He was preceptor at Lawrence Academy in Groton 1845-1853; traveled abroad with pupils 1853-55; and taught at educational institutions in New York, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts from 1855 until 1862, when he was appointed Chaplain in the Hospital Service of the U. S. Army, Department of North Carolina, and was stationed at Newbern, N. C., 1862-1863. He was commissioned Captain and appointed Superintendent of freedmen (or "Contrabands") at Newbern, where he devoted the remainder of his life to the care of the colored refugees. He died of typhoid April 5 or 6, 1863, and is buried at Andover, Mass. His name is on the memorial Tablet in the Trinitarian church in Concord." [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 8-9.]

Chaplain. Born in New Hampshire, appointed from Massachusetts as a Hospital Chaplain, U. S. Volunteers, on 5 July 1862. he died 28 October 1864. [MSSMCW 6:777.]

"The son of Simon and Sally (Lincoln) Whitcomb; was born in Marlborough, New Hampshire, Feb. 9, 1820. he was settled as the pastor of the Congregationl Church at Stoneham, Mass., in 1850; and was preaching at Lynnfield Centre, Mass., when he received his commission. He never lived in Concord, but he married Harriet L. Wheeler in this town May 1, 1851. He was appointed Chaplain inthe United States Regular Army, and attached to the hospital at New Berne, North Carolina, July 5, 1862; was afterwards Chaplain at the hospitals in Portsmouth and in Morehead City, North Carolina, and died in service at the latter post Oct. 28, 1864. He was buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 95.]

Private, Co. F, 2nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Concord. He gave his age as 37 years and occupation as bootmaker when he enlisted and mustered 24 July 1862. Died 9 August 1862 from exhaustion on march to Cedar Mountain, VA. [MSSMCW 1:107, 302.]

"A native of Kerry County, Ireland; he worked for many years in Concord for Charles Bowers as a shoemaker. He enlisted at Concord, July 24, 1862,...and at that time gave his age as 37 years; he died August 9, 1862, on the march from Culpepper to Cedar Mountain, Virginia, of sunstroke. It is not known where he was buried, but probably it was near the place where he died." [Concord Town Report 1882, 84.]

Note: That a man could be enlisted in Massachusetts and dead within three weeks in Virginia may seem odd, but railroads had speeded up the movement of all peoples, let alone troops, and, unlike today, new recruits were rushed up to the field regiments where formal training took place and conditioning came from actual marches. This regiment took significant casualties at Cedar Mountain and then in 1863 at Gettysburg. A short regimental history is at MSSMCW 1:69-70.

Captain, Co. I, 9th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided East Boston. He gave his age as 25 years and occupation as engineer when he was commissioned and mustered on 11 June 1861. He was killed in action, 27 June 1862, at Gaines Mills, VA. [MSSMCW 1:672.]

"Born in 1836. Son of James and Mary Ann McCafferty. They came to Concord from Boston in 1849. In November of that year James, Senior, purchased the farm on the Virginia Road in Concord, formerly owned by William S. Whitney, then deceased. There the family lived until 1857, when James sold his farm to Arnold W. Taylor. James...[was] Promoted Captain; and killed June 27, 1862, at the Battle of Gaines' Mills, Va." [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 8.]

Corporal on the plaque, Private by state record, of Co. E, 9th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Gave his residence as Charlestown, age as 43 years, and occupation as sailor [sic] when he enlisted and mustered on 21 August 1862. Wounded at Fredericksburg, VA on 13 December 1862, he died on 31 December 1862 at Washington D.C. [MSSMCW 1:647.]

"A native of Ireland, was a resident of Concord, with his wife and daughter, for some six years. He worked for R. S. Stewart as a tailor. He enlisted at Concord...and was credited to the quote of the town. He was severely wounded in the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862. His left leg was amputated at the Stanton General Hospital in Washington, and he died there from the effects of that amputation... He was buried, January 2, 1863, in the Military Asylum Cemetery (more commonly called the Soldiers' Home Cemetery), just outside the city limits of Washington, D. C." [Concord Town Report 1882, 88-89.] Actually, Martin was 58 years old according to the 1860 Census for Concord and a tailor. He left a wife Margaret, aged 52, and daughter Mary W, aged 12 that year. There may have been other children. [Yankee Ancestry]

Corporal, Co. H, 12th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. He resided Concord, was aged 42 years and a farmer. He enlisted on 7 August 1862 and mustered on 9 August 1862. He died of disease at Culpepper, VA on 28 February 1864. [MSSMCW 2:51.]

"Familiarly know in this town as Dr. Kittredge, was a native of Walpole, N.H., where he was born on April 7, 1809, and was educated, as was his father before him, as a physician. Popularly supposed to be nearly sixty years of age, he professed when he enlisted to only forty-five, that being the maximum age at which recruits were received. He lived here for many years and was widely known for his surgical skill. For some time his profession was an extensive one, but later in life he abandoned his profession and earned his living as a farm laborer... He a hospital at Culpepper, Virginia, probably of sunstroke." [Concord Town Report 1882, 88.]

At the 1860 Census, Dr. Kittredge was living his wife and likely step-children in Stow. [Yankee Ancestry.]

Corporal, Co. E, 16th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. He was 18 years old when he enlisted and mustered on 13 July 1861. He died of disease on 25 May 1862 at Suffolk, Virginia. [MSSMCW 2:237.] Perhaps the first Concord man to die in the war. See next.

"The son of John and Roxie (Nutting) Flint, was born in Concord, April 18, 1843. He lived here during his boyhood, worked on his father's farm, and at the time of his enlistment was working in a mill at North Chelmsford. He enlisted from Cambridge... He died May 24, 1862, at Suffolk, Virginia, of chills and fever brought on by bathing, and is buried there. A cenotaph is erected for him in his father's lot in Sleepy-Hollow. [Concord Town Report 1882, 86.]

Note: In the 1860 US Census, Herman was a member of the Joshua Gilson household of Groton, Middlesex Co., aged 17 years, and was listed as a laborer. Gilson was a farmer. A modern genealogy quotes an unnamed source that "was the first man from Concord lost in that war." [U. S. Census 1860, M653 R511 p. 99. Flint Family History 1:396.]

Corporal, Co. K, 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Boston. He was aged 45 and said he worked as a mariner when he enlisted and mustered on 1 September 1862. He was discharged for disability on 4 February 1863, dying shortly thereafter. [MSSMCW 2:578.]

"Born April 16, 1818, at Leominster; was the son of Asa Brigham of Leominster and Olive L. (Gardner), his wife, and grandson of Joel Brigham of Concord. He was a farm laborer; worked for Samuel Dennis in Concord, and followed the sea for a short time. He enlisted from Boston... Died in Concord Feb. 15, 1863, of consumption, and is buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 82.]

Private, Co. E, 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided Concord. Aged 18 years. Farmer worker. Enlisted and mustered 19 September 1861. Died of disease on 18 June 1862. [MSSMCW 2:535.]

"Born in Boston; the son of Malachi and Joanna Garrity, came with his parents to Concord at the age of four or five years, and lived here from that time until his enlistment. He enlisted at Concord, September 19, 1861...; the same company in which his father also enlisted [later in 1862]. This regiment during its term of service had 3,230 different men upon its rolls. He died October 21, 1862, at the General Hospital at Craney Island, Virginia, of chronic diarrhoea. He was first buried on Craney Island, but was removed in the summer of 1867 and is now buried in the Hampton National Cemetery, Virginia, in Row 20, Section B, Grave 19." [Concord Town Report 1882, 87.]

By his listing in both the Concord 1850 and 1860 U.S. Censuses, Edward was actually born in Nova Scotia, his younger siblings being born in Boston. By 1870 the family had moved on to Newton, his father having survived the war. [Yankee Ancestry]

Private, Co. F, 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Born in Ireland, he resided in Concord, aged 19 and a laborer. He enlisted and mustered on 26 August 1861. He was killed on 17 September 1862 at Antietam, Maryland. [MSSMCW 2:545.]

"Was a laborer. He was the son of Brian and Nancy McDonough, and was born in Concord. He lived here from his birth to his enlistment. He attended school during the witners and was in the Intermediate School a slate as 1859. He enlisted from Concord. He...was buried in Grave 18, Lot A, Section 17, in the Antietam National Cemetery."

Even those not officially mustered, also served, fought and died.

Servant to Captain Edward C. Richardson, Co. G, 24th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Captain Richardson was a relation of his parents, Daniel J. and Mary B. (Richardson) Lawrence of Concord. Charles "was born in Concord April 2, 1852. His father died when was young, and upon the enlistment of his brothers he was left alone with his mother. She was averse to his enlistment, and repeatedly refused her consent, as he was all that was left to her; but finding him bent on going to the war, she finally permitted him to go with...Richardson... When at the front he went with the company into action, and although not borne on the rolls as an enlisted man, he carried a musket and did his part. He came home on leave in the fall of 1862, and while here died of a fever contracted in the service. He is buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery. [Concord Town Report 1882, 88.]

Private. Co. D, 26th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Chelsea. Gave his age as 44 years and occupation as stable keeper when he enlisted on 7 October 1861, mustering in on 18 October. He died on 5 February 1863 at New Orleans. [MSSMCW 3:88.]

"Born in Cambridge, March 4, 1814; son of James Billings and Abigail, his wife; was for some time a baker in Weston, Mass., where he was married; moved to Concord, carried on the baking, then went into the butchering, business where the house of Woodward Hudson now stands, and then was many years a stable-keeper, and lived here with his family. He enlisted at Chelsea Oct. 7, 1861, in Co. E, 26th Mass. Vols., as a private; died Feb. 5, 1863, at New Orleans, Louisiana, of typhoid fever contracted in the service, and was buried at New Orleans." [Concord Town Report 1882, 82.]

Billings left a wife Jerusha and at one adult child, Henrietta C. according to both the 1850 (in Concord) and 1860 census (in Marlborough). [Yankee Ancestry.]

Private, Co. B, 26th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Townsend. Gave his age as 21 and occupation as painter when he enlisted on 2 September 1861, mustering on 18 October. He re-enlisted on 4 January 1864. He was killed in action on 19 September 1864 at Winchester, Virginia. [MSSMW 3:71.]

"The son of Alfred Brown; was born in Stow, Mass., and came to Concord with his parents when he was five or six years old. His father lived in a tenement in the Factory Village, and worked in Damon's Mill as a wool scourer. Charles went to Concord schools; worked in the card-room of Damon's Mill as a boy; then painted pails at Warner's Factory for four or five years before the breaking out of the war. He enlisted from Townsend, Mass... He reenlisted and was credited to Concord, Jan. 4, 1864, and was killed Sept. 19, 1864 at Winchester..." [Concord Town Report 1882, 82.] Given his age at enlistment unlikely he married. He and his parents, Alfred and Jemima, and his siblings were residing in Concord in 1850. In 1860, only his parents were residing locally in West Acton. [Yankee Ancestry.]

Private. Resided in Concord. Gave his age as 44 years and occupation as carpenter when he enlisted on 21 September 1861, mustering on 18 October. He was discharged for disability on 19 November 1863 at New Orleans. [MSSMCW 3:91, 377.]

"A native of County Cavan, Ireland; lived in Concord before the war;...returned to Concord and lived with Patrick Carson until his means were exhausted; was admitted to the Soldier's Home, Springfield street, Boston, Oct. 31, 1865, where, on December 17 of the same year, he died of chronic dystentery, and was buried in the Soldiers' Lot in Mt. Hope Cemetery, West Roxbury. His widow, by act of the Legislature, received State aid dating back to May 18, 1865." [Concord Town Report 1882, 89.]

Lieutenant, Co. B, 29th Massachusetts Voluntary Infantry. Grandson of long-time Concord First Parish minister Ezra Ripley, and son of Mrs. Sarah Alden (Bradford) Ripley, mistress of The Old Manse. A Harvard graduate, he resided in Cambridge. Aged 35 years at his death, he was a lawyer. Commissioned and mustered on 24 July 1861, he died of disease on 28 July 1863 at Vicksburg, Mississippi. [MSSMCW 3:288.]

The son of Rev. Samuel and Sarah (Bradford) Ripley; was born at Waltham Aug. 10, 1826. He was descended from a long line of the minsiters of concord. On his mother's side, his gradfather, Gamaliel Bradford, was a Lieutenant, and his great-grandfather of the same name, was a Colonle in the Reovlutionary Army. He graduated from Harvard College in 1846, studied law, was admitted to the bar, opened an office at East Cambridge, married there, and took part in 1861 in raising a company for the war. While in camp with that company he was commissioned as 1st Lieutenant of Co. B, 29th Mass. Vols., and served from that time, July 24, 1861, until his death, July 28, 1863. He saw much, varied, and dangerous service; was in the hottest of the seven days fighting before Richmond; arrived on foot, because he could not find conveyance, from an absence on sick leave, just as his regiment was drawn up at Antietam; was with Burnside in Kentucky; and sickened and died in the sultry heats around Vicksburg, Mississippi. In 1862 he was on the staff of Gen. mansfield; in Kentucky he was on the staff of Acting-Brigadier-General Pierce; and at the time of his death he was on the staff of Acting-Brigadier-General Christ. His body, at the time of his death, was left at Helena, Arkansas, but was subsequently brought home and buried among his kindred in Sleepy-Hollow Cemtery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 93.]

Colonel, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Concord's beau ideal of an officer and a gentleman.

"The son of Timothy and Maria (King) Prescott. He was born in Littleton, Mass., May 29, 1829, and four years later came with his father to Concord. The outbreak of the war found him engaged in the lumber and coal business, in the buildings back of Fitchburg Railroad Station. In obedience to the first call for troops he led the Concord company (G) in the 5th Regiment of three-months men to Washington, leaving the town the 19th of April, 1861. Three months after his return from the disastrous battle of Bull Run he enlisted a company of three-years men, which for a time was in our Town Hall, and became Co. B in the 1st Battalion Mass. Infantry, which for six months garrisoned Fort Warren. His commission of Captain was dated Nov. 15, 1861. By the addition of six companies the battalion became the 32nd Regiment, and on the 25 of May, 1862, was ordered to the front. Capt. Prescott was made Lieutenant-Colonel Aug. 13, 1862, Colonel Dec. 28, 1862, and as Acting-Brigadier-General commanded a brigade in the advance from the Wilderness to the lines before Petersburg. On the 19th of June, 1864, in a charge which drove the enemy into their entrenchments, he received a mortal wound, the ball passing through the centre of his watch into his left breast. He died the next day, and his remains were brought home and buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery. On the 23rd of July, 1867, an honorary commission of Brevet-Brigadier-General was conferred, couched in these terms: "To rank from the 18th of June, 1864, for gallant and meritorious services while leading his regiment to an assault on the rebel works in front of Petersburg, Virginia, June 18, 1864." [Concord Town Report 1882, 92.]

Sergeant, Co. G, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Concord. He gave his age as 35 years and worked as laborer when he enlisted and mustered on 21 June 1862. He was wounded at Gettysburg on 2 July 1863, dying of those wounds on 4 July 1863 having been promoted to 1st Sergeant. He was mentioned by name in Emerson's Monument Address. [MSSMCW 3:498.]

"Born in England in 1827; was a soldier in the English army, and was stationed for a while at the island of Corfu, in the Mediterranean; came to Halifx, Nova Scotia; left the army there, and came to this country in 1854; was a farm laborer, and worked for Charles B. Davis, George Everett, and Nathan B. Stow. Enlisted at a private; rose to be first sergeant. Died July 4, 1863, of wounds received...and was buried by the side of the road between Gettysburg and Taneytown." [Concord Town Report 1882, 82.]

Appleton left a a young wife and two children, a girl and a boy. [Yankee Ancestry]

Private, Co. G, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. He resided in Concord. He gave his age as 20 years and said he was a manufacturer when he enlisted and mustered on 4 November 1861. He died of disease on 5 August 1862 at Harrison's Landing, Virginia with the rank of corporal. [MSSMCW 3:461.]

"The son of Calvin C. and Rebecca P. Damon, was born in Concord, April 5, 1841... Prior ot his enlistment he had been employed in his brother's mill in Concord as a clerk, and expected on his return from the war to continue in business with him as a manufacturer. He died...of malarial fever, and was brought home to be buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882. 85.]

The business William expected to return to was that founded by his father Calvin in 1835 and for which Calvin had developed "a cotton and woolen flannel that became an American staple." Older brother Edward took over operations in early 1854 with his father's death. The war demand for cloth transformed the company with international wool supplanting Southern wool, its pricing rising from $0.11 to $1.67 per pound. But Edward's support for the war went beyond that. As he wrote with no resentment regarding the lost work in his diary in August 1862, "All my men have been off this afternoon--great excitement about enlistments." The following day came news of brother William's death. "The disciplined writing style abandoned in the space normally reserved for the crowded account of the day, an anguished Edward Damon boldly scrawled: "Willie is dead. God is love. Infinite wisdom orders all events. Have no heart for business--everything that would have given me pleasure now adds to my sorrow." [Renee Garrelick, Clothier of the Assabet (1988), 13, 24.]

Private, Co. B, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Concord. He gave his age as 21 years and occupation as farmer when he enlisted and mustered on 28 November 1861. He was wounded at Gettysburg on 2 July 1863, dying of those wounds on 28 July 1863. He had originally enlisted in April 1861 as part of the three months call-up, serving in Co. G, 5th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. [MSSMCW 3:422.]

"Born in Concord, January 11, 1837, the son of David and Rebecca (Hunt) Buttrick, lived with his father here and worked on his farm... He was severely wounded at Gettysburg, his leg was amputated above the knee, he was thought to be doing well, but the weather was excessively hot, gangrene set in and he died July 28, 1863, and was buried Aug.6, 1863, in his father's lot in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 84.]

Edward Damon of West Concord, who had lost his younger brother William the year before in the war (see above), chronicled in his diary both the "grand receptions" for returning units and also the continuing funerals such as in August 1863, "Francis Buttrick wounded at Gettysburg, buried under arms this p.m.--very large funeral procession." [Renee Garrelick, Clothier of the Assabet (1988), 24-25.]

At the 1860 Concord Census, "Francis Butrick, 18, male" was residing with the Ralph Waldo Emerson family, likely as the gardner. He is listed before the three female domestics. [Yankee Ancestry.]

Private, Co. G, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. He resided in Concord, working as a farmer. He gave his age as 26 when he enlisted and mustered on 26 June 1862. Wounded at Gettysburg on 2 July 1863, he died of those wounds on 9 July 1863. Emerson mentioned him by name in his Monument Address. [MSSMCW 3:499.]

"A native of Ireland. He was a farm laborer, and about twenty-eight years old on June 26, 1862, when he enlisted...; at that time he had been living in Concord for more than five years. He was shot through the body on the second day of the battle of Gettysburg, died in the First Division, 5th Corps Hospital, July 9, 1863, and was buried in Grave No. 18, Massachusetts Division, Section C, in the Natioanl Cemetery at Gettysburg." [Concord Town Report 1882, 84.]

Private, Co. B, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Portland, Maine. He gave his age as 25 years when he enlisted and mustered on 19 November 1861. He re-enlisted on 18 February 1864. He was killed in action on 9 May 1864 at Laurel Hill, Virginia. [MSSMCW 3:461.]

"A native of Portland, Maine, came to Concord, worked here for several years as a farm laborer, and at the outbreak of the war was in the employ of Job H. Bent. He...was credited to Portland, Maine. During a large portion of his first term of service he was sick in the hospital, notwithstanding he subsequently reenlisted...and was placed to the credit of Concord. He...was killed May 9, 1864, in the breastworks before Laurel Hill, Virginia. He was first buried at Sanford's Farm, Spottsylvania Co., Virignia, and was afterwards removed to the Fredericksburg National Cemetery, Division C, Section D, Grave 24." [Concord Town Report 1882, 86.]

Private, Co. B, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Concord, giving his age as 27 years and work as farmer when he enlisted and mustered on 23 November 1861. He re-enlisted on 1 January 1864. He was wounded on 3 June 1864 at Bethesda Church, Virginia, and then again on 18 August 1864 at Weldon Railroad, Virginia. He died of his wounds on 6 April 1865 in Washington D.C. [MSSMCW 3:463.]

"The son of Jonas and Rhoda Ann Melvin, was born in Concord, December 29, 1833. He was a book-binder, and worked here for Capt. John Stacy... He died...of wounds received six days previously before Petersburg, and was buried in the Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia." [Concord Town Report 1882, 90.]

Jwas a cousin to the three Melvin brothers who are also listed here. [Yankee Ancestry.]

Private, Co. G, 32nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Cambridge. He gave age as 18 years and said he worked as a laborer when he enlisted on 11 June 1862, mustering the next day. He was wounded and listed as missing on 13 December 1862 at Fredericksburg, later dying of his wounds on 7 February 1863 at Boston. [MSSMCW 3:505.]

"Born about 1844; was the son of Matthew and Christa Ann Thompson. The family appears to have lived in Concord as early as 1850, a daughter having been born to them there September 6 of that year. Later in the '50s they lived for a time in the "Jones House" on Monument Street--then owned by Nathan Barrett, by whom the place was conveyed to John S. Keyes in 1863. Matthew was a laborer. His family attended the Trinitarian Church. They appear to have moved away from Concord before the outbreak of the Civl War... James [was]...discharged February 7, 1863, for disability. He died Janaury 20, 1866, and was buried in the family lot in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 9.]

Note: The MA Adjutant's record gives his death date as his disability release date whereas the CTR death date is taken from Sleepy Hollow records, and so is the correct information. [Yankee Ancestry.]

Private, Co. D, 38th Massachusetts Voluntary Infantry. Resided in East Bridgewater. He gave age as 19 years and worked as a mechanic when he enlisted on 30 July 1862, mustering on 20 August 1862. He died of disease on 20 March 1864 in New Orleans, Louisiana. [MSSMCW 6:17.]

"Born at Concord May 22, 1843, the son of Silas and Ann (Eaton) Burgess. He was a school-boy in our schools. His father moved from here to East Bridgewater, and was living there at the outbreak of the war, and Bertrand was then working in East Bridgewater as a blacksmith. He enlisted from there... He died at the Marine Hospital in New Orleans, Lousiana, March 20, 1864 of malignant scarlet fever, after a sickness of only a few days, and was brought home and buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 83.]

Private, Co. A, 38th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Resided in Cambridge. He gave his age as 18 years and said he worked as a clerk when he enlisted on 7 August 1862, mustering the next day. He was wounded at Port Hudson, Louisiana on 14 June 1863, dying of those wounds on 27 July 1863 at New Orleans. [MSSMCW 4:6.]

"The son of Benjamin F. Proctor; born in Cambridge, Mass., Oct. 12, 1843, and lived there with his parents. His mother[Lydia], a native of Concord, was a daughter of Paul Adams and his wife Rebecca, who was formerly the wife of Hugh Cargill. He was therefore a cousin of Paul Dudley, and frequently visted Concord when a boy, spending vacations with aunt, Mrs. Eli Dakin... His body was brought to Concord and buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery. His name is on the Soldiers' Monument in Cambridge." [Concord Town Report 1882, 93.]

Private, Co. B, 40th Massachusetts Volunteers.

"The son of Henry and Rebecca Carr, George was a native of County Fermanagh, Ireland; he was a school-boy in our schools, and at the time of enlistment was living with his step-father, William Jones, who was a laborer in Warner's factory at Concord. He enlisted at the age of eighteen years at Concord, August 22, 1862... He died September 4, 1864, at Point of Rocks, Virginia, of typhoid fever, and was buried there." [Concord Town Report 1882, 84.]

Private, Co. B, 40th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

"A native of Ashby, Mass.; was the son of Jesse and Susan Hannaford, and was living in Concord at the outbreak of the war. He was then in the employ of Edward C. Damon as a dresser tender in his mill. He enlisted with several others in [the same company] at Concord, August 22, 1862. He died December 25, 1862, at Miners Hill, Virginia, of typhoid fever. His body was sent home for burial to Nelson, New Hampshire." [Concord Town Report 1882, 87.]

Private, Co. B, 40th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

"Son of Jonas Clark and Abigail Munroe, [he] was born in Concord, October 29, 1843. He worked in the mill at Factory Village. He enlisted at Concord, August 22, 1862...; was taken sick while at Folly Island, in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, and died November 11, 1863, at Beaufort Hospital, South Carolina, of typhoid fever. His body was brought home and buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 90-91.]

Sergeant, Co. G., 47th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.

"Born at Concord, March 2, 1837; was the son of Otis and Mary (Minot) Gregory; he lived in Concord as a boy, and when a young man was employed as a clerk by John Brown; was a member of Co. G, 5th M.V.M., and went out April 19, 1861, with that company for three months as a Corporal; he returned to Concord from that service, lived here with his mother, and worked as a painter until October 16, 1862, when he again enlisted in Co. G., 47th M.V.M. Serving with that company in Louisiana as 1st Sergeant, he was discharged September 1, 1863, upon the expiration of the terms of his service, and died in Concord, December 24, 1863, of consumption contracted in the service. He is buried with his parents in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 87.]

Corporal, Co. G, 47th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.

"A native of Roxbury, New Hampshire. The son of Seth Kingsbury. He was living in Concord, unmarried, twenty-eight years old, and had been for years in the employ of Joseph A. Smith, at the time of his enlistment, October 16, 1862. He served in Louisiana as a Corporal...; and died of cholera morbus at Buffalo, New York, August 19, 1863, when on his way home with his company to be mustered out. He was taken home and buried in his native town." [Concord Town Report 1881, 87-88.]

Private, Co. G, 47th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.

"The son of Joseph and Eliza E. Richards; was born in Danville, Vermont, March 11, 1837. At the time of his enlistment he was a farmer, and was living in Factory Village. He enlisted...Oct. 16, 1862, at Concord; served with that regiment in Louisiana; and was discharged Sept. 1, 1863, at the expiration of his term of service, and died in Sudbury Sept. 5, 1863, of malarial fever contracted in the service. He is buried in North Sudbury." [Concord Town Report 1882, 93.]

Private, Co. A, 53rd Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.

"Son of Alexander Stuart of New Hampshire and Mary Farrar of Concord; was born on the Plain in Concord. He learned the trade of a book-binder from Capt. John Stacy, and remained here until he was about twenty-one; went to California about 1850; returned a few years before the war to Fitchburg, lived there with his mother, working for Whitman & Miles, manufacturers of mowing-machine knives. Enlisted from Fitchburg Oct. 17, 1862...and was killed in battle, at the age of thirty-three, at Fort Bisland, Louisiana, April 13, 1863. His body was brought home to Concord and buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery. His name is also on the Soldiers' Monument in Fitchburg." [Concord Town Report 1882, 95.]

Private, Co. E, 56th Massaschusetts Volunteer Infantry.

"Born in Concord about 1845; was the son of John and Elizabeth Murray. He enlisted after a short term of service in the navy...on January 12, 1864; was wounded in the head at the battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia, May 11, 1864... He died in a dwelling-house, then used as a temporary hospital, in Fredericksburg, May 19, 1864, and was buried under an apple tree in the hospital yard." [Concor dTown Report 1882, 91.]

Sergeant, Co. E, 59th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

"The son of Heman and Abigail (Carley) Smith, was born at Randolph, Vermont, February 19, 1843. He was a machinist by trade. In 1861 he was living in the State of New York, and enlisted in Co. I, 30th Regt. N. Y. Vols.; was in several battles; was taken prisoner; was confined in Libby Prison at Richmond; escaped from there; rejoined his regiment; was mustered out at the expiration of his term of service; came to Concord and was living with his brother, George T. Smith, on the great road near the Lincoln line when he enlisted February 4, 1864... He was then credited to the quota of this town. He rose to be a Sergeant in that company. He was instantly killed July 30, 1864 in one of the battles in front of Petersburg, Virginia, and was buried there in the trenches." [Concord Town Report 1882, 95.]

Private, Co. C, 59th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

"Born in Westford, Mass., came to Concord with his mother, in 1847, when about 17 years old, and worked here as a blacksmith for several years. He had bought a house and land on Bedford Street next to Enoch Garfield's, and intended to make our town his permanent home. He was one of the first three months men, and left Concord with our company on the nineteenth of April, 1861, being then about thirty years old. He returned here after the expiration of that term of service and re-enlisted January 14, 1864.... He died June 17, 1864, at Annapolis, Maryland, of wounds received before Petersburg, and is supposed to have been buried at Annapolis." [Concord Town Report 1882, 85.]

Private, Co. C, 59th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

"A native of West Bridgewater, Mass., son of Moses and Huldah (Delano) Poland; was born in 1837. He lived in Concord about three years, making his home with his uncle, Arvida Poland. He was working for Nathan B. Stow at the time of his enlistment. He enlisted from Concord, January 14, 1864..., and was killed by a shell, June 2, 1864, at Shady Grove, Virginia, and was probably buried there." [Concord Town Report 1882, 91-92.]

Private, Co. L, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

"The son of Paul and Rebecca (Adams) Dudley, was born in Acton, February 27, 1843; he lived in Concord with his father in the northwestern part of the town, in the old red house near the Acton line which was so striking an object amid the surrounding elms. He went to our schools, and enlisted March 13, 1862...from Concord; re-enlisted, March 17, 1864; he died March 20, 1865, at City Point, Virginia, of erysipelas and buried there." [Concord Town Report 1881, 85-86.]

Private, Co. K, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

"Son of Asa and Caroline (Heald) Melvin, was born in Concord September 26, 1834. He enlisted three times. His first service was in our company, which left this town, April 19, 1861, and served three months. He re-enlisted at Concord, July 28, 1862.... After service with that regiment, he re-enlisted December 29, 1863, in the same company, and was again credited to the quota of this town. He was killed in a charge on the enemy's works at Petersburg, Virginia, on June 16, 1864. It is not known where he is buried." [Concord Town Report 1882, 89.]

To Asa and his two brothers listed just below, their surviving brother dedicated the Mourning Victory memorial in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery designed and sculpted by Daniel Chester French.

Private. Co. K, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

"Brother of Asa H. Melvin, was born in Concord, July 27, 1841. He lived here and in Lawrence, Mass., where he was working in the Atlantic Mill at the outbreak of the war. He enlisted from Lawrence, and was mustered in as a member of Co. K, 14th Mass. Vols., at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor, July 5, 1861. This regiment was afterwards known as the 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery. He died at Fort Albany, Virginia, October 13, 1863, of dysentery. His body was brought home and buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery. His name is on the Soldiers' Monument at Lawrence." [Concord Town Report 1882, 90.]

Private. Co. K, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

"Brother of Asa H. and John H. Melvin, was born in Concord, April 7, 1844. These brothers were of the lineage of Amos Melvin, the sentinel at the Court House in Concord, in April, 1775, who rang the bell and aroused the town to meet the advancing British. Samuel Melvin lived in Concord and in Lawrence, Mass. He was working in the Atlantic Mill when the war broke out. He enlisted at the same time and in the same company as his brother John. He was taken prisoner May 19, 1644, at Harris' farm, on the road between Spotsylvania and Fredericksburg, Virginia, while taking a wounded comrade to the rear. He was taken to Andersonville, Georgia, where he arrived, June 5, 1864, and died there, a prisoner, after a lingering sickness, on the 20th or 25th of September in that year, of dysentery. His body is buried in the National Cemetery at Andersonville, Georgia, in grave No. 9,735, and his name is on the Soldier's Monument in Lawrence, Mass. A daily diary kept by him while in prison, which is now in the possession of this relatives here, exhibits a record of inhumanity and torture that is hardly equalled by anything that has been published concerning any of the rebel prisons." [Concord Town Report 1882, 90.]

See excerpts from his diary in Section Four below.

Private, Co. C, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.

"The son of Benjamin F. and Sally Nealey, was born in East Sudbury, now Wayland, October 20, 1826. The family moved to Concord, where Charles followed his trade as a blacksmith. He enlisted in the Concord Artillery at the outbreak of the war, and served for three months. He returned to Concord and enlisted again..., Aug, 6 1862. He re-enlisted Feb. 4, 1864 and was again credited to the quota of the town. He was taken prisoner in one of the early battles of the Wilderness, and confined some six months in Andersonville, Georgia, where he suffered the terrible tortures of gradual starvation and was reduced from a strong man to a mere skeleton. The memory of these sufferings was so painful to him that he could never be induced to give any account of his prison experiences, even to his family. He was exchanged in December, 1864, and immediately furloughed on account of sickness. He came home, grew constantly worse, and died while on furlough, June 14, 1865, at Concord, of the immediate results of his imprisonment, and was buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report 1882, 91.]

Private, Co. D, 1st Massachusetts Cavalry.

"The son of Thomas and Mary Doyle, was a native of County Carlow, Ireland. He came to this country with his mother at the age of fourteen; was living in Concord at the outbreak of the war, was working for Elijah Wood as a farm laborer, and was then about twenty-two years old. He was a member of Co. G, 5th M.V.M., and served with that company for three months. He re-enlisted, August 5, 1862...and was credited to the quota of the town. He died October 7, 1863, at Hartwood Church, Virginia, of injuries received in the line of his duty, and was buried in the cemetery there." [Concord Town Report 1882, 85.]

Private, Co. A, 4th Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry. He resided in Boston. Gave his age as 22 and work as machinist when he enlisted on 8 December 1863, mustering 26 December 1863. He died of disease on 8 August 1864, at Hilton Head, South Carolina. [MSSMCW 6:429.]

"Son of Frederick and Sarah (Merrill) Tarbell; was born at Newton, March 3, 1843. As a boy and young man he lived in Concord, and went to our schools, his parents having made our town their home. He was employed as a machinist in the Charlestown Navy Yard at the the time of his enlistment. He enlisted from Boston... He died...of typhoid fever contracted in the sericde, and was buried there [at Hilton Head.] [Concord Town Report 1882, 95.]

Sergeant, Co. B, 7th Maine Volunteer Infantry.

"Born in Portsmouth, N. H., May 31, 1834, the son of Benjamin and Lavinia L. Fernald. He was in the shoe business in Damariscotta, Maine, at the outbreak of the war. He enlisted in August, 1861...from Augusta, Maine; served with that regiment and rose to be 1st Sergeant. His wife and son lived here at the time of his death and afterwards. He died November 9, 1861, at the age of twenty-seven years, in the hospital at Baltimore, Maryland, and is buried Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery in Concord." [Concord Town Report 1882, 86.]

Private, Co. H, 1st Michigan Volunteer Infantry.

"The son of Stedman and Mary H. (Hunt) Buttrick, was born in Concord, December 25, 1831. He was the great grandson of Major John Buttrick, who commanded our Militia at the Old North Bridge, April 19, 1775. He was with John Brown in Kansas, and fought for the cause of freedom there until Kansas became a free state. At the outbreak of the war he was working on a farm at Ypsilanti, Michigan, and enlisted from there June 15, 1861, as a private... He was wounded in battle at Gaines' Mills, Virginia, June 27, 1862, was taken prisoner three days after, was kept a prisoner at Savage's Station, and at Castle Thunder, in Richmond, for one month, his entire sustenance for that time being an insufficient supply of paste made of flour and water. He was removed from Castle Thunder to the parole camp at Chester, Pennsylvania, where he suffered some months from his wound, and from sickness. He rejoined his regiment but a few weeks before his death, which occurred in camp, at Grove Church, Virginia, June 3, 1863, from pneumonia. He was first buried in land of one Kinloe, southeast of Martinsburg, Virginia, and was thence removed and is now buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, Grace 67, Row 16, Section E, Block 2." [Concord Town Report 1882, 83.]

Corporal. 11th Ohio Vols.

"A native of Concord; the son of Nathan M. and Dolly (Hosmer) Wright; was born Jan. 13, 1839, in the house now known as the "Wright house," opposite Warner's factory; spent his boyhood in this town; afterwards lived in Lowell and Cambridge, and kept a shoe store in Lawrence. At the breaking out of the war he was engaged on the Bowling Green Gazette, at Bowling Green, Kentucky, but finding, as he said, that the location was rather hot for a gentleman of strong northern sentiments, he concluded to take time by the forelock and leave, which he just did in time to escape, as the rebel troops took possession of the place immediately. He enlisted in Co. K, 11th Ohio Vols., at Camp Dennison, Ohio, June 19, 1861; was appointed Corporal upon the organization of his company. His service in Western Virginia was very severe. In his leisure moments, however, he found time to exercise his old trade, editing and printing "The Eleventh Ohio," a little camp newspaper. He was killed in the battle of Antietam, Sept. 17, 1862, and was brought home to be buried in Sleepy-Hollow Cemetery." [Concord Town Report, 1882, 95-96.]


Private, Co. H, 21st Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Res. Dudley; 22; shoemaker; enl. Aug. 16, 1861; must. Aug. 23, 1861; disch. for disability, April 22, 1862, Newbern, N. C. [MSSMCW 2:632.]

"His name appears in the list of Concord Soldiers printed in the Annual Report of the Town for 1863; and he is recorded in Soldiers and Sailors of Concord as a Private in the U. S. Regular Army, and "said to have died in the service." [SSC 43.] "We have been unsuccessful, however in getting satisfactory information of his war record and when he died." [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 11. Cozzens name appears on Concord Town Report 1863 p. 39 as "George Cozzens as Private, U. S. Infantry]


"His name also is in the list of Concord Soldiers, in the Annual Report for 1863, and he is recorded in Soldiers and Sailors of Concord as a Private in Company E (Acton Company) 26th Mass. Vols. and as having 'died '64 at Ship Island, La.' Mr. E. J. Barlett furnished us brief memoranda concerning several men, among which appears--'Alfred H. Smith, Concord, Enlisted August 11, 1863. No bounty'; but James Munroe, who was in that Company, and who was born and now lives in Concord, does not remember that Smith ever lived here, and neither he nor the Acton members of the Company of whom we inquired know where he lived."


As "Captain (Co. K) in the 2nd Reg't of Cavalry, Mass. Vols.,...'died of wounds July 18, '64, at Aldie, Va.' [In Adjutant General's files]..., his residence is recorded as Newburyport, Mass... Mr. Bartlett's memorandum states that he 'was master of Concord High School part of one term.' We do not find that he had established a residence or home in Concord." [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 11.]


"Was Private, Corporal, and Sergeant in 1st U. S. Sharpshooters, Mass. Vols. Killed September 17, 1862, at Antietam, Md. Had been temporary master of Sanborn's School (Soldiers and Sailors of Concord). Enlisted from Newburyport. We do not find that he had an established residence or home in Concord." [Concord Town Report 1911-12, Supplement, 11.]


"Son fo Rev. George Washington Hosmer, and grndson of Cyrus and Patty (Barrett) Hosmer, of Concord. Was born at Buffalo, N. Y., in 1843. Was a member of Sanborn's School in Concrod. Enlisyted Septmebr 8, 1862, at Deerfield, Mass.--for nine months--xclerk, aged 19; mustererd October 11, 1862; and appointed 1st Sergeant of Co. D, 52nd Mass. Vol. Militia. he died Janaury 24, 1863, at hospital at Baton Rouge, La., and is buried at Concord, Mass., in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. We have not yet learned the date of burial; but if before March 19, 1866, his name should be included with those starred herein." [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 7.]

Just prior to the Report's publication, the committee received a letter from Hosmer's brother, James K. Hosmer, explaining that his brother was still buried in Lousiana, at the soldier's cemetery there, and that the cross at Sleepy Hollow was a memorial one placed by their father in the family lot before his own death in Concord in 1881. [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 14.] Under the guidelines that the Wheeler Committee had established, attendance at private school in Concord did not constitute residence, so Hosmer's name was not added. [Yankee Ancestry.]


"Born in Candia, N.H., about 1834. Married Maria E., daughter of David Buttrick, of Concord. Thus far we have not learned that he ever resided here. He enlisted August 5, 1861, aged 27; was a Private in Co. H of 3rd N. H. Vols. Infty. Mustered Augst 23, 1861 as Corporal and appointed Sergeant January 21, 1862. He was killed at Secessionville, S. C. [on June 16, 1862]. ("James Island" per S. and S. of Concord)Place of burial nmot known to this Committee. (Recorded in Soldiers and Sailors of Concord 1861-1865 as "Buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery" but this may be a confusion regarding the memorial inscription about him on his son's headstone--Charles F. Dearborn who died April 27, 1875.)" [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 5.]


"Mr. F. B. Sanborn states that George H. Derby attended school at the Concord Academy; and the late Mr. E. J. Bartlett thought that he once worked in the store of Charles B. Davis. But we are unable to learn that he or his family ever had a home in Concord." {Derby was a West Point graduate of 1846 who was on medical leave from the regular Army from late 1859 to his death on May 15, 1861. [Yankee Ancestry.]} [Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 6.]


Note: While definitely a Concord resident as he was pastor of The Trinitarian Congregational Church from October 30, 1844 to March 1, 1849, the Rev. Whipple died April 15, 1868, two years after the self-imposed cut-off date of March 1866, so was not recommended by the committee. The Soldiers and Sailors book had listed him as dying while performing his army chaplain duties at the Boston harbor forts in 1865. [Yankee Ancestry; for educational and career details, see Concord Town Report 1912, Supplement, 7-8.]

Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War, 9 vols.
Ceremonies at The Dedication of the Soldiers' Monument in Concord, Mass. Concord: Benjamin Tolman, 1867.
Concord Town Report, 1881-1882. Boston: Tolman & White, 1992.
Concord Town Report, 1911-1912. Concord: Thomas Todd Co., Printers, 1912.
The Soldiers and Sailors of Concord / Report of the Committee Appointed by the Town to procure a list of names of those who served in the Civil War and Spanish-American War. Concord, Massachusetts 1908.

While many MA libraries will have copies of the MSSMCW, I used the set at the William Munroe Special Collections, Concord Free Public Library. There, also, I used the "Concord Pamphlet" collection of which the Prescott Keyes copy of the Ceremonies booklet is a part. This collection is now searchable online separate from CFPL's main catalog website.

Robert M. Gerrity

NOTE:Updated 01/15/07.

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